The Golden Temple, located in the city of Amritsar in the state of Punjab is a place of great beauty and sublime peacefulness.
Construction of the Golden Temple began in 1574 on land donated by the Mughal emperor Akbar. The building project was overseen by the fourth and fifth Sikh Gurus. The temple was completed in 1601, but restoration and embellishment continued over the years. The temple had to be substantially rebuilt after it was sacked in the 1760s.
In the early 19th century, 100 kg of gold were applied to the inverted lotus-shaped dome and decorative marble was added. All this gold and marble work took place under the patronage of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The legendary warrior king was a major donor of money and materials for the shrine and is remembered with much affection by the Sikh community and Punjabi people.
a 9 storey octagonal tower, over 45 metres high, standing close to the Kaulsar pool about 200 metres southeast of the Harimandar, marks the spot where Baba AtalRai, 9 year old son of Guru Hargobind, passed away on 9 Assu 1685 Bk/ 13 September 1628. See ATAL RAI, BABA. A simple memorial in honour of Baba Atal was raised on the site originally. The construction of the present edifice commenced after the Sikh misls had established their authority in the Punjab. The cornerstone was laid in 1770 and the first three storeys had been completed by 1784. The upper floors were raised by Maharaja Ranjit Singh during the 1820's. SardarDesa Singh Majithia contributed the gold for gilding the dome at the top. The Guru Granth Sahib is seated in a small inner room on the ground floor. The first six storeys are larger than the upper ones which rise above the central sanctum. The doors on the ground floor, four in number, are decorated with embossed designs, on brass and silver sheets. Interior walls and the ceiling are covered with murals depicting scenes from the lives of Guru Nanak, his two sons and nine successors, Guru Gobind Singh's four sons and Baba Buddha.
In olden days, the ground around Baba Atal Sahib (as the building is popularly called) were used as a cremation ground and the area was dotted with samadhs (memorial shrines) raised for eminent sardars (chiefs), saints (holy men), and warriors. The shrine was taken over by the ShiromaniGurdwaraParbandhak Committee in August 1921. During the process of widening the parikrama, most of the samadhs were demolished. Those surviving include the ones commemorating Jassa Singh Ahluvalia and NawabKapur Singh.
The Akal Takht of the Timeless One or Seat (Throne) of God. It is one of the five seats of temporal physical religious authority of the Sikhs. Akal means The Timeless One - another term for God. Takht means 'seat' or 'throne' in Persian. Akal Takht is located in the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar, Punjab, and faces the DarshaniDeohri.
GurdwaraSantokhsar Sahib is an historical sikh shrine, situated at distance of 700 Meters from Harimandir Sahib. This is one of the five historical sarovers constructed by GUruArjun Dev.
This is the Sarovar next to the Gurdwara Mata Kaulan near Gurdwara Baba Atal in Amritsar, next to the main Darbar Sahib at Harmandar Sahib. It is named after a holy lady who was raised as a Muslim called BibiKaulan, the adopted daughter of the Qazi of Lahore. GurdwaraSantokhsar Sahib is an historical sikh shrine, situated at distance of 700 Meters from Harimandir Sahib. This is one of the five historical sarovers constructed by Guru Arjun Dev. When Guru Ram Das, had not yet ascended to the gaddi, he came here to find out a place for excavation of the holy tank on instructions from Guru Amar Das. When Guru Ram Das was getting the place dug, he found a Yogi, meditating.
Gurudwara Baba Deep Singh, Amritsar: The great Sikh scholar and martyr Baba Deep Singh was mortally wounded here when in 1762 the Afghan invader Ahmed Shah Abdali ordered the Harmandar Sahib blown up and the Sacred Tank filled in. Baba Deep Singh, the greatest Sikh scholar of his time, took up the sword on a mission to restore the sanctity of the Sikhs most revered Temple. He along with five thousand faithful Sikhs fought against the Muslim forces of Jahan Khan. Although heavily outnumbered the Sikhs fought bravely.
GurdwaraRamsar stands alongside the Ramsarsarovar, the smallest of Amritsar's five holy sarovars. Located near Chativind Gate, on the south-eastern side of the walled city of Amritsar, the present GurdwaraRamsar is a small marble-lined hall topped by a gilded, fluted lotus dome.
BibeksarSahib(built 1628) this sarovar is located to south/south-east of the most important landmark for the sikhs, Harimandir sahib in the city of Amritsar. GurdwaraBibeksar sahib is situated on the banks of the bibeksarsarovar.thesarovar was built by guru hargobind sahib, the 6th Sikh guru, and the present beautiful Gurudwara was built by maharaja ranjitsingh.
GurdwaraLohgarh Sahib is situated in the village Dina, 15 km south of Nihal Singh Wala, in the Moga district of Punjab .It is on BarnalaNihal Singh Wala road, which is a single metal road and is in good condition. It is 6 km from Salatwatpura, 12 km from Nihal Singh wala and 13km from Bhadaur.
News of the sacred enthronement of Sri Guru Arjan Sahib spread around and the devotees eager to have a direct glimpse of Nanak the Fifth set out for Amritsar from distant places. In this spiritual quest the sangat from Kabul was also on its way to Amritsar. On the last day of their journey they were determined to reach the holy presence of the New Guru but could not make it and had to camp few miles away from Sri Harimandir Sahib. The Sangat included the old, the young and the children. Tired and hungry, they now yearned for a blessed vision of the Holy Guru next morning.
is situated on the Amritsar Gurusar Sultan Road, near village Guru kiVadali, seven kms from Amritsar.GurukiVadali is the birthplace of the Sixth Guru, Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib, the son of Guru ArjanDevJi. To celebrate the birth of his son, Guru ArjanDevJi constructed a big well at this place. This well had six Persian wheels to draw out the water and thus came to be known as Chheharta, the well with six wheels. This well helped in removing water scarcity in the region and enabled the greening of the fields.
is situated in the village of Basarke in Amritsar District, Punjab, India. Guru Amar Das ji was named next Guru by Guru AngadDevji, but Datuji the son of Guru AngadDev was, like Guru Nanak's son, sure that as the Guru's son he should be appointed the Guru. He forced Guru Amar Das ji to leave Goindwal Sahib. Guru Amar Das being a humble person, returned to his family village of Basarke.
Here the Guru shut himself up in a small hut with a note on the door. The note said, "He who opens this door is no Sikh of mine, nor am I am his Guru." When a delegation of Sikhs lead by Baba Buddha ji found the hut they were perplexed as what to do. Finally Baba Buddha decided to make a hole in the wall so as not to go against the Guru's instruction.
Once inside they pleaded with the Guru to return to Goindwal Sahib as only he was their true beloved Guru and the Sikhs could not live without him. Guru Amar Das finally relented and returned with the Sikhs. The hole in the wall is still preserved today inside the Gurdwara Sahib. Gurdwara Sahib is situated on the Amritsar-Chaubal Road.
spent much of his life here. Guru ArjanDev also visited this place at some stage. Also known as GurudwaraBir Baba Buddha this is situated in the revenue limits of the village of Thatta, 20 km south of Amritsar. The shrine honours and commemorates Baba Buddha (1506 - 1631), the venerable Sikh of the time of Guru Nanak who lived long enough to anoint five succeeding Gurus.
He spent many years looking after the "bir", literally a reserved forest used for cattle grazing, said to have been offered to Guru Arjan by ChaudhariLangah of Patti out of his private lands. According to GurbilasChhevinPatshahi, it was here on 21 Assu 1651 Bk/20 September 1594, that Mata Ganga the wife of Guru Arjan, received blessings for an illustrious son (the future Guru HarGobind, Nanak VI) from Baba Buddha.
Before death at Delhi on March 30, 1664 Guru Harkrishan uttered these words 'Baba Bakala', thereby meaning that his successor was to be found at Bakala village in Amritsar. In Bakala there were many men who then claimed to be the Guru's successor. This was the first time a Guru had not selected his successor in person. This created some anxiety in the sikhs.
SRI BAOLI SAHIB is a large, open well; 8 metres (26') across.Its water level is reached through a covered passage comprising a flight of 84 steps. A wide pointed archway opens on a domed clearance, four steps below the ground level. Its cupola is painted with multicoloured floral designs and portraits of Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Hargobind and Guru Gobind Singh.
Gurdwara Sri Tarn Taran Sahib is a Gurdwara established by the fifth guru, Guru Arjan Dev. It is situated in the city of Tarn Taran Sahib. It has the distinction of having the largest sarovar (Water pond) of all the gurudwaras. Also it is famous for the month gathering of pilgrims on day of Amavas (No moon night). It is near Harmandir Sahib, Amritsar.
was the family home of second Guru Sri Guru AngadDevJi. The Guru settled here with his wife Mata Khivi and raised their three children here. Sri Guru AngadDevJi established his religious center here and spent the rest of his life at Khadur Sahib. Here Shri Guru AngadDev appointed Guru Amar Das as his successor and the third Guru. A grand GurudwaraKhaddi Sahib has been constructed here, in memory of Guru Amar Das.